Amelia County is a United States County located just west of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county is included in the Greater Richmond, and its County Seat is Amelia Courthouse. Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Prince Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II.
Twice Amelia County was reduced in size to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed. During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of the war was fought at Sayler's Creek on April 6.
Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of Amazonite found at the Morefield mine. In addition, the Amelia County Fair was home to the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce) which was built to raise money for the German American National Scholarship Fund in 1986. It weighed over two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 359 square miles (930 km2), of which 355 square miles (920 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.9%) is water.
Recreational opportunities abound in Amelia County, from the hunting and fishing that are so valued, to the Amelia Wildlife Management Area, over 50 Miles of Appomattox River frontage, Sailor's Creek State Park, the Amelia County Parks and Recreation Department and the James L. Hamner Public Library. We also celebrate our County with the annual “Amelia Day Celebration” every Mother's Day Saturday and in August/September with the “Amelia County Fair” which we are proud to say was recently honored as the best small County Fair in Virginia. Each of these activities is family oriented, beloved by our people and continue to be highly anticipated events.
Amelia also has favorable economic factors including low taxes, the IDA Park on U.S. Route 360, close proximity to the Richmond Metropolitan Area, and a large agricultural presence (8th largest County for ag sales in Virginia). Perhaps of greater significance to our current and future Residential, Business, and Ag Communities alike, Amelia is dedicated to the protection of our natural resources, the preservation of our rich history, a commitment to be an open and inclusive community with a clear focus on a sustainable and prosperous future.